The term acne can be used to describe a variety of skin issues — whiteheads, blackheads, red bumps, and deep painful cysts. Acne lesions develop in response to multiple factors, including skin type, age, stress level, and co-existent medical conditions.
Often acne can be improved with gentle skin care and over-the-counter products. For acne that requires prescription treatment, the type of acne along with body location will help you and your physician determine the best treatment regimen. Sometimes a combination of two or more medications is necessary. Common treatments include:
- Topical retinoids (Tretinoin, Adapalene, Tazarotene)
- Topical antibiotics
- Oral antibiotics
- Hormonal treatment (spironolactone, birth control)
- Oral retinoids (Isotretinoin)